Are ‘Safe Use Houses’ the Answer to California’s Opiate Addiction Problem?
People are dying of opiate overdoses across California at alarming rates, and government officials are ready to consider every possibility when it comes to managing the problem. More than 4,000 people were hospitalized in 2015 due to an opiate overdose and 3,935 people went to the emergency room as a result of opiate drug use. That year, almost 2,000 people died as a result of opiate overdose in California, and 244 of those deaths occurred in San Diego.
Since then, the number of lives lost due to opiate addiction and abuse has climbed steadily every year across the country. Given the numbers so far this year, it is likely that 2017 will outpace last year just as 2016 saw more overdose deaths due to opiates than 2015.
A growing group in California believes that the answer may lie in creating “safe use houses” for people who are living with addiction. Already in use in Canada, these locations would serve as safe and supervised spots for people to inject their drugs on the premise. Proponents believe that this would decrease the negative effects associated with drug use, including overdose. Those against the idea believe it would be nothing more than a waste of taxpayers’ money and in support of drug use and abuse. What do you think?
Safe Use Houses
In Canada, “safe use houses” are still relatively new in terms of the epidemiological evidence gathered to support or deny their efficacy. While many envision a dark and rotting shooting gallery as portrayed in gritty crime dramas, Canada’s safe use house is well lit and not at all set up for leisurely drug use. Rather, there is a long counter attached to a wall with large mirrors. Partitions divide up the space with a single plastic chair parked in each section and bright sconces lighting the table. The chairs face the mirrors, and behind the chairs is an admin desk. Everything is open and well-lit with no dark areas. Proponents say that the houses:
- Provide for safe disposal of used needles, reducing needle sticks
- Provide for distribution of clean needles, reducing rates of hepatitis B and C and HIV
- Provide for supervision in the event of overdose, reducing death rates and the need for more intensive medical intervention
- Offer continued interaction with harm reduction workers who can connect individuals with resources that can help them to stay healthy
- Offer continued exposure to treatment that can be lifesaving
Prevention and Awareness
There are various ways that California legislators are working to decrease the number of lives lost to overdose. Whether or not they choose to add “safe use houses” to that list, many of their current efforts are having an impact, though not as much of an impact as we would like to see.
- Prescription drug databases that track the prescription of addictive substances help to put a stop to diversion of these drugs to the black market.
- Increased education among prescribing physicians has helped to decrease the number of addictive drugs prescribed.
- Increased use of naloxone among first responders and by family members has decreased the number of lives lost.
- Increased prevention and awareness campaigns have helped to cut down the number of new cases of addiction.
We will never know how many lives have been saved by the efforts of these different measures, but we do know that it’s not enough. We also know that what people who are living with addiction need most is treatment.
What Do You Think?
Should safe use houses be introduced in California? Or is there another option that would have a stronger impact on the rate of drug overdose deaths?